On my first visit to Jaipur I visited Amer Fort, located about 7 miles outside Jaipur city in the little town of Amer, once known as the capital city of Rajasthan. With its large walls and series of gates and cobbled paths, the fort overlooks Maota Lake. It was once the ruling citadel of the Kachhawa dynasty, before they moved to the bustling city of Jaipur and now capital of the State of Rajasthan, India. Amer Fort was built in the 16th century by Raja Man Singh of the Kachhawa dynasty in 1592 and was later completed firstly by Raja Jai Singh, and eventually by Sawi Jai Singh. This colossal fort took two centuries to build.
Amer Fort is known for its artistic Hindu and Islamic style elements and Rajput architecture. The palace was built from red sandstone and white marble. The palace is divided into four levels, each consisting with their own courtyard. The first level is Diwan-e-Aam, the “Hall of Public Audience”, where the king would meet the people of his State, listen to and solve the issues from his constituents.
The next level up is the Diwan-e-Khas, also known as the “Hall of Private Audience”, where the Kachhawa King would meet with his senior advisers, generals and so forth.
This brings us to our third level, Sheesh Mahal, or “Mirror Palace”. Sheesh Mahal is adorned in tiny pieces of mirror work and inlaid with glass. The mosaic work is exquisite. The reason behind why this hall was made by glass because in ancient days the queen was not allowed to sleep in open air but she loved to see the stars shining. So the king ordered his architects to make something which could solve the purpose-two candles burning, reflect on the many thousands of tiny mosaic mirror-work, while they often look like tiny stars glowing.
And last but not least, the four and final level of the magnificent fort is the Sukh Niwas, where the royal family women, including concubines and mistresses lived. Also on this level, Jas Mandir is located-a hall of private audience with beautiful floral glass in lays and alabaster relief work.
It’s a stunning and beautiful place to visit, as many tourists from around the world can attest to that. It’s a “must-see” and I hope you enjoy it as much as I have.